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Glossary (WWW)

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    absolute URL The Internet address of a page or other World Wide Web resource that includes the protocol and complete network location of the page or file. The absolute URL includes a protocol, such as "http," network location, and optional path and file name. For example, http://www.acme.com/welcome.html is an absolute URL.

    active hyperlink A hyperlink that is currently selected in a Web browser. Some Web browsers indicate the active hyperlink by changing its color.

    active page The page currently being edited in the FrontPage Editor.

    ActiveX control A component that can be inserted in a page to provide functionality not directly available in HTML, such as animation sequences, credit-card transactions, or spreadsheet calculations. ActiveX controls can be implemented in a variety of programming languages from Microsoft and third parties.
    address A paragraph style usually used to render addresses on a page or to supply signatures or other indications of authorship. Address paragraphs are usually displayed in italics and are sometimes indented.

    anonymous FTP A file transfer (FTP) service in which any user can copy files by logging on with the name "anonymous." See also FTP.

    applet See Java applet.

    ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) The predominant method for encoding 7-bit characters on a personal computer. HTML tags and URLs must be in ASCII. The FrontPage Editor generates these elements automatically.

    authentication database A database on a server that matches user names to passwords.


    background sound A sound file that you associate with a page. When the page is displayed in a Web browser, the sound file repeats the number of times that you specify.

    base URL An optional URL that you assign to a page to convert relative URLs on the page into absolute URLs. A base URL should end with a document name part, such as http://sample/sample.htm, or a trailing slash, such as http://sample/subdir/.

    BMP A resolution-dependent file format for images created by Windows Paint, PaintBrush, and other applications.

    bookmark A named set of zero or more characters in a paragraph that can be the target of a hyperlink. In a URL, a bookmark is preceded by a number sign character.

    broken hyperlink In the FrontPage Explorer, a hyperlink that does not correctly point to a page or other Internet file. A broken hyperlink either indicates an incorrect URL or a missing page or file.

    browser See Web browser.

    bulleted list A paragraph style that creates a single list element, usually indicated by a bullet character. Also called an unordered list.

    bulletin board An Internet service that makes multiple discussion groups available.


    cell The smallest component of a table. In a table, a row contains one or more cells.

    cell padding The space between the contents and inside edges of a table cell.

    cell spacing The amount of space between cells in a table. Cell spacing is the thickness, in pixels, of the walls of each cell.

    CERN image map dispatcher The program HTIMAGE.EXE, which handles server-side image maps in the Personal Web Server when the image map style is set to "CERN" in the FrontPage Explorer Web Settings dialog box.

    CGI (Common Gateway Interface) A standard mechanism for extending Web server functionality by executing programs or scripts on the Web server in response to Web browser requests. A common use of CGI is in form processing, where the browser sends the form data to a CGI script on the server, and the script integrates the data with a database and sends back a results page as HTML.

    change style dropdown A dropdown control on the FrontPage Editor toolbar in which you can choose the format of the currently selected paragraphs.

    check box A form field that presents the user with a selection that can be chosen by clicking on a box. When the box is selected, it is usually displayed with a check mark or X. Check boxes can represent a set of non-exclusive choices.

    client On the Internet, a program that requests files or services from a server.

    client-side image map An image map that encodes the destination URL of each hotspot directly in the page. Client-side image maps do not require processing from your server to respond to clicks on the image map, so they are more efficient. However, not all browsers support client-side image maps.

    client-side program On the Internet, a program that is run on the client machine rather than on the server machine. Client-side programs do not communicate over the Internet.

    clip art A collection of icons, buttons, and other generally useful graphics files that can be inserted into pages.

    clipboard A temporary storage area on the computer for cut or copied items.

    comment Text that you can view in the FrontPage Editor but that will not be displayed by a Web browser. Comment text is displayed in purple and retains the character-size and other attributes of the current paragraph style.

    column In a table, a vertical collection of cells.

    configuration variable Information about a FrontPage web or page that can be displayed by WebBot form results components or WebBot Substitution components when the page is browsed. FrontPage includes standard web configuration and page configuration variables. You can define new configuration variables by editing the Parameters tab of the FrontPage Explorer Web Settings dialog box.

    confirmation page A page that is displayed in the browser after a form has been submitted by a user. The confirmation page usually echoes the user's name and other data from the form. You specify a form's confirmation page in the form handler's dialog box.

    converter A tool that converts a file, or a portion of a file, from one format to another. For example, FrontPage includes a Microsoft Word to HTML converter.

    current FrontPage web The FrontPage web currently opened in the FrontPage Explorer.

    custom dictionary A dictionary of words that are not in the standard dictionary but that should be accepted by the spelling checker as correct. The custom dictionary is built by the spelling checker Microsoft FrontPage\data\Fpcustom.dic. You can edit this file with a text editor.


    default hyperlink In an image map, the hyperlink to follow when the user clicks outside of any hotspots on the image. You set the default hyperlink by editing the Default Hyperlink field in the Image Properties dialog box.

    definition The style of the second of a pair of paragraphs composing a definition list entry. The first paragraph in the pair is the term.

    definition list A list of alternating term and definition paragraphs. Definition lists are often used to implement dictionaries in FrontPage webs. See also term and definition.

    discussion group A FrontPage web that supports interactive discussions by users. Users submit topics by entering text in a form, and they can search the group using a search form or access articles using a table of contents.

    discussion group directory A directory in a FrontPage web containing all of the articles in a discussion group. The name of a discussion group directory begins with an underscore character and is created automatically by FrontPage. Discussion group directories are not normally visible from the FrontPage Explorer. However, they can be searched by a WebBot Search component.

    domain name See network location.

    drop-down menu field A form field that presents a list of selections in drop-down menu style. A drop-down menu form field can be configured to permit the selection of many fields or a single field.


    editor An interactive program that can create and modify files of a particular type. For example, the FrontPage Editor is an HTML editor.

    e-mail (electronic mail) A service for sending messages electronically, over a computer network.

    emphasis text The HTML character style used for mild emphasis. Certain browsers display emphasized text as italic.

    EPS (Encapsulated PostScript) An extension of the PostScript graphics file format developed by Adobe Systems. EPS lets PostScript graphics files be incorporated into other documents. FrontPage supports importing EPS files.

    Ethernet A commonly used local area network (LAN) technology.

    extended attribute An HTML attribute not directly supported in FrontPage. In FrontPage, extended attributes are assigned to an object such as a page or image using the Extended button in the object's properties dialog box.

    external hyperlink A hyperlink to any file that is outside the current FrontPage web.


    FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) A common type of document on the Internet that contains a list of questions and answers on a common theme. On the World Wide Web, questions are often hyperlinks to the answers.

    file A named collection of information that is stored on a computer disk. Also, an Internet protocol that refers to files on the local disk. You can create file hyperlinks (file://) in the FrontPage Editor using the Hyperlink command.

    file server A program running on a network that stores files and provide access to them. Also called server.

    file type The format of a file, usually indicated by its filename extension. Editors usually work on a limited set of file types. Use the Options command in the FrontPage Explorer to select the application with which to edit different file types in FrontPage.

    finger An Internet program that displays information about the users currently logged on to a computer.

    firewall A method of protecting one network from another network. A firewall blocks unwanted access to the protected network while giving the protected network access to networks outside of the firewall. A company will typically install a firewall to give users access to the Internet while protecting their internal information. FrontPage works with firewalls.

    folder In a URL, a single part of the path to a page. A folder is a named storage area on the computer containing files and other folders. In http://my.web.site/sample/test.htm, sample/ is a folder.

    Folder View In the FrontPage Explorer, the view of a FrontPage web that shows the containment relationship between folders in the FrontPage web. You can create, delete, copy, and move folders in the Folder View.

    form A set of data entry fields on a page that are processed on the server. The data is sent to the server when the user submits the form by clicking on a button or, in some cases, by clicking on an image.

    form field A data-entry field on a page. A user supplies information in a field either by typing text or by selecting the field.

    form handler A program on a server that executes when a user submits a form. A FrontPage form is associated with a form handler in the Form Properties dialog box.

    formatted text A mono-spaced paragraph style in which all white space (such as tabs and spaces) is displayed by the browser. In other text styles, extra white space may be ignored by the browser.

    formatting toolbar The FrontPage Editor toolbar containing commands that reformat selected paragraphs or text.

    forms toolbar The FrontPage Editor toolbar containing commands that create form fields.

    frame A named element of a frame set. A frame appears in a Web browser as a scrollable window in which pages can be displayed. You assign a page to a frame when you create a hyperlink to the page.

    frame set A page that defines a set of named scrollable windows in which other pages can be displayed. Use a frame set when you want the contents of one part of the page to remain unchanged while the contents of other parts of the page change based on hyperlinks that the user selects. To create a frame set in FrontPage, from the FrontPage Editor File menu, choose New and choose the Frames wizard.

    FrontPage Editor The FrontPage tool for creating, editing, and testing Web pages.

    FrontPage Explorer The FrontPage program that lets you create, view, modify, and administer FrontPage webs.

    FrontPage Server Extensions A set of programs and scripts that support FrontPage and extend the functionality of the Web server. The FrontPage Server Extensions are available for the Microsoft Internet Information Server and other popular Windows NT and UNIX Web servers. If you are not sure if your Web server is supported, visit /www.microsoft.com/frontpage/.

    FrontPage web A home page and its associated pages, images, documents, multimedia, and other files that is stored on a World Wide Web server or on a computer's hard drive. A FrontPage web also contains files that support FrontPage functionality such as WebBot components, and that allows the web to be opened, copied, edited, and administered in the FrontPage Explorer.

    FrontPage web name The name of the FrontPage web. A FrontPage web name corresponds to a directory name on a Web server and is subject to the length, character restrictions, and case sensitivity of that server.

    FrontPage web title A descriptive name for a FrontPage web. The FrontPage web title is displayed in the title bar of the Front Page Explorer window when the FrontPage web is open. A FrontPage web title must start with a letter and can have a maximum of 31 characters.

    FTP (File Transfer Protocol) The Internet service that transfers files from one computer to another. You can create ftp hyperlinks (ftp://) in the FrontPage Editor.


    gateway script See CGI.

    GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) A commonly used method of encoding images that contain up to 256 colors.

    gopher The Internet protocol in which files are displayed in a hierarchical menu and are retrieved based on user input. You can create gopher hyperlinks (gopher://) in the FrontPage Editor.


    heading A paragraph type that is displayed in a large, bold typeface. The size of a heading is related to its level: Heading 1 is the largest, Heading 2, the next largest, and so on. Use headings to name pages and parts of pages.

    hidden field A form field that is invisible to the user but that supplies data to the form handler. Each hidden field is implemented as a name-value pair. When the form is submitted by the user, its hidden fields are passed to the form-handler along with name-value pairs for each visible form field. You add hidden fields to FrontPage by clicking Add in the Form Properties dialog box.

    hidden folder A folder in a FrontPage web with a name beginning with an underscore character, as in _hidden. By default, pages and files in hidden folders cannot be viewed from the FrontPage Explorer.

    home page The starting point on a Web server. It is the page that is retrieved and displayed by default when a user visits the Web server. The default home-page name for a server depends on the server's configuration. On most Web servers, it is index.html or index.htm. Some servers support multiple home pages.

    horizontal line A horizontal graphic element on a World Wide Web page often used to separate sections of the page.

    host See server.

    host name See network location.

    hotspot A graphically defined area in an image that contains a hyperlink. An image with hotspots is called an image map. In browsers, hotspots are invisible. Users can tell that a hotspot is present by the changing appearance of the pointer.

    HTIMAGE.EXE The CERN image map dispatcher. This program handles server-side image maps when the image map style is "CERN".

    HTML (HyperText Markup Language). The standard language for describing the contents and structure of pages on the World Wide Web. The FrontPage Page Editor reads and writes HTML files. You do not need to know anything about HTML syntax to use FrontPage.

    HTML attribute A name-value pair used within an HTML tag to assign additional properties to the object being defined. FrontPage assigns some attributes automatically when you create an object such as a paragraph or image map. You can assign other attributes by editing the Properties dialog box.

    HTML character encoding A table which associates a numeric index with each character in a character set. The table is used when you create a Web page for use in a specific language.

    HTML tag A symbol used in HTML to identify a page element's type, format, and structure. The FrontPage Editor automatically creates HTML tags to represent each element on the page.

    HTTP (HyperText Transport Protocol) The Internet protocol that allows World Wide Web browsers to retrieve information from servers.

    hyperlink A jump from text or from an image map to a page or other type of file on the World Wide Web. In World Wide Web pages, hyperlinks are the primary way to navigate between pages and among Web sites.

    Hyperlink View A view in the FrontPage Explorer that graphically shows the hyperlinks among pages and other files in your FrontPage web along with the hyperlinks from your FrontPage web to other World Wide Web sites.

    hypertext Originally, any textual information on a computer containing jumps to other information. The hypertext jumps are called hyperlinks. In World Wide Web pages hypertext is the primary way to navigate between pages and among Web sites. Hypertext on World Wide Web pages has been expanded to include hyperlinks from text and hyperlinks from image maps.


    IIS (Internet Information Server) Microsoft's high-performance, secure, and extensible Internet server based on Windows NT Server. IIS supports the World Wide Web, FTP, and gopher.

    image A graphic in GIF or JPEG file format that can be inserted in a World Wide Web page. FrontPage lets you import images in the following formats and insert them as GIF or JPEG: GIF, JPEG, BMP (Windows and OS/2), TIFF, TAG, PCD, RAS, EPS, PCX, and WMF.

    image alignment In FrontPage, the specification of how images and text are aligned with each other on the page. You specify image alignment in FrontPage by editing the Image Properties dialog box.

    image form field A form field that displays an image in a form. By clicking the image, the user either submits or clears the form.

    image map An image containing one or more invisible regions, called hotspots, which are assigned hyperlinks. Typically, an image map gives users visual cues about the information made available by clicking on each part of the image. For example, a geographical map could be made into an image map by assigning hotspots to each region of interest on the map.

    image toolbar The FrontPage Editor toolbar that contains commands that operate on images. You use the image toolbar to create hotspots, for example.

    IMAGEMAP.EXE The NCSA image map dispatcher. This program handles server-side image maps when the image map style is "NCSA" and you are using the FrontPage Personal Web Server.

    inline image An image that is embedded in a line of text rather than in its own window. In FrontPage, images are inline by default.

    interlaced image A GIF image that is displayed full-sized at low resolution while it is being loaded, and at increasingly higher resolutions until it is fully loaded and has a normal appearance.

    internal hyperlink A hyperlink to any file that is inside the current FrontPage web.

    internal web A World Wide Web site created within an organization and accessible only to members of that organization on an intranet.

    Internet The global computer network, composed of thousands of Wide Area Networks (WANs) and Local Area Networks (LANs), that uses TCP\IP to provide world-wide communications to homes, schools, businesses, and governments. The World Wide Web runs on the Internet.

    Internet address See network location.

    Internet database connector A Microsoft IIS feature that allows your World Wide Web site to access databases.

    IP (Internet Protocol) Internet software that divides data into packets for transmission over the Internet. Computers must run IP to communicate across the Internet. See also TCP.

    IP address (Internet Protocol address) The standard way of identifying a computer that is connected to the Internet, much the way a telephone number identifies a telephone on a telephone network. The IP address is four numbers separated by periods, and each number is less than 256, for example, Your system administrator or Internet service provider will assign your machine an IP address.

    IP address mask (Internet Protocol address mask) A range of IP addresses defined so that only machines with IP addresses within the range are allowed access to an Internet service. To mask a portion of the IP address, replace it with the asterisk wild card character (*). For example, 192.44.*.* represents every computer on the Internet with an IP address beginning with 192.44.

    ISAPI (Internet Server Application Programming Interface) A high-performance Web server application development interface, developed by Process Software and Microsoft Corporation, that can be used in place of CGI.


    Java A general-purpose programming language created by Sun Microsystems. Java can be used to create Java applets. A Java program is downloaded from the Web server and interpreted by a program running on the machine containing the Web browser.

    Java applet A short program written in Java that is attached to a World Wide Web page and executed by the browser machine.

    JavaScript A cross-platform, World Wide Web scripting language developed by Netscape Communications. JavaScript code is inserted directly into the HTML page.

    JPEG (Joint Photographic Expert Group) A color image format with excellent compression for most kinds of images. JPEG is commonly used on the World Wide Web for 24-bit color images.


    LAN (Local Area Network) A computer network technology that is designed to connect computers that are separated by a short distance. A LAN can be connected to the Internet and can also be configured as an intranet.

    line break A special character that forces a new line on the page without creating a new paragraph.

    link See hyperlink.

    list A group of paragraphs formatted to indicate membership in a set or in a sequence of steps. In the FrontPage Editor you can create numbered lists or bulleted lists, menus, directories, or definitions.


    MAC The Macintosh Paint image format.

    mailto The Internet protocol that is used to send electronic mail. You can create mailto hyperlinks (mailto://) in the FrontPage Editor.

    marquee A region on a page that displays a horizontally scrolling message.

    menu list A list of short paragraph entries formatted with little white space between them.

    meta tag An HTML tag that must appear in the <head> portion of the page. Meta tags supply information about the page but do not effect its display. A standard meta tag, "generator," is used to supply the type of editor that created the HTML page.

    Microsoft Image Composer A powerful image composing and editing application that is integrated with FrontPage.

    MIME type (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions type) A method used by Web browsers to associate files of a certain type with helper applications that display files of that type.

    MSP Microsoft Paint image format.

    multihosting The ability of a Web server to support more than one Internet address and more than one home page on a single server. Also called multihoming.


    name-value pair The name of a form field and the value of the field at the time the form is submitted. Each field in a form can have one or more name-value pairs, and the form itself can have one or more name-value pairs.

    NCSA image map dispatcher The program IMAGEMAP.EXE, which handles server-side image maps when the image map style is "NCSA" and you are using the FrontPage Personal Web Server.

    nested list A list that is contained within a member of another list. Nesting is indicated by indentation in most Web browsers. When you create one list element within another list element in FrontPage, the new list element is automatically nested.

    network location In a URL, the unique name that identifies an Internet server. A network location has two or more parts, separated by periods, as in my.network.location. Also called host name and Internet address.

    news The Internet protocol for retrieving files from an Internet news service. You can create news hyperlinks (news://) in the FrontPage Editor.

    normal text The default paragraph style of the FrontPage Editor, intended for use in text paragraphs.

    NSAPI (Netscape Server Application Programming Interface) A Netscape-only Web server application development interface, developed by Netscape Communications Corporation.

    numbered list The World Wide Web page paragraph style that presents an ordered list of items.


    OLE (Object Linking and Embedding) An object system created by Microsoft. OLE lets the author invoke different editor components to create a compound document.

    one-line text box A labeled, single-line form field in which users can type text.


    page A single document in a World Wide Web site written using the HTML language. You use the FrontPage Editor to create, modify, and test pages, without having to learn HTML.

    page title A text string identifying a page. The page title is displayed in the FrontPage Explorer and is used by many FrontPage Editor and FrontPage Explorer commands.

    paragraph style A label for a FrontPage Editor paragraph-type. Paragraph style specifies the type of font to use in a paragraph, along with the font's size, and other attributes. Paragraph style also specifies whether to use bullets and numbering, and controls indentation and line spacing.

    password A text string that allows a user access to an Internet service, if the service requires it.

    path The portion of a URL that identifies the folders containing a file. For example, in the URL http://my.web.site/hello/world
    /greetings.htm, the path is /hello/world/.

    PCT (Personal Communications Technology) An enhanced version of Secure Socket Layer. See also SSL.

    PCX A file format that compresses its image data with RLE-type compression, used by early versions of Windows PaintBrush. FrontPage can import PCX files.

    plug-in One of a set of software modules that integrate into Web browsers to offer a range of interactive and multimedia capabilities.

    port One of the network input/output channels of a computer running TCP/IP. In the World Wide Web, port usually refers to the port number a server is running on. A single computer can have many Web servers running on it, but only one server can be running on each port. The default port for World Wide Web servers is 80.

    properties The settings and values that characterize an item in a FrontPage web, such as the title and URL of a web, the file name and path of a file, or the name and initial value of a form field.

    protocol A method of accessing a document or service over the Internet, such as File Transfer Protocol (FTP) or HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP). Also called type.

    proxy server An Internet server that acts as a firewall, mediating traffic between a protected network and the Internet.

    push button A form field that lets the user submit the form or that resets the form to its initial state.


    radio button A form field that presents the user with a selection that can be chosen by clicking on a button. Radio buttons are presented in a list, one of which is selected by default. Selecting a new member of the list deselects the currently selected item.

    RAS Sun Raster Image File image format.

    registered user A user of a Web site with a recorded name and password. In a FrontPage web, you can register users with a WebBot Registration component.

    relative URL The Internet address of a page or other World Wide Web resource with respect to the Internet address of the current page. A relative URL gives the path from the current location of the page to the location of the destination page or resource. A relative URL can optionally include a protocol. For example, the relative URL doc/sample.htm refers to the page sample.htm in the directory doc, below the current directory.

    root web The FrontPage web that is provided by the server by default. To access the root web, you supply the URL of the server without specifying a page name. FrontPage is installed with a default root web named <root web>. All FrontPage webs are contained by the root FrontPage web.

    row In a table, a horizontal collection of cells.

    RTF (Rich Text Format) A method of encoding text formatting and document structure using the ASCII character set. By convention, RTF files have an RTF filename extension. You can open RTF files in the FrontPage Editor and have them converted to HTML.


script A type of computer code than can be directly executed by a program that understands the language in which the script is written. Scripts do not need to be compiled into object code to be executed.

scrolling text box A labeled, multiple-line form field in which users can type one or more lines of text.

search form See WebBot Search component.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL) A low-level protocol that enables secure communications between a server and FrontPage or a browser.

selection bar An unmarked column along the left edge of the FrontPage Editor window that is used to select text with the mouse.

server A computer that offers services on a network. On the World Wide Web, the server is the computer that runs the Web server program that responds to HTTP protocol requests by providing Web pages. Also called host.

server name See network location.

server-side image map An image map that passes the coordinates of the cursor to a CGI handler routine on the server. Server-side image maps require your server to compute the target URL of the hyperlink based on the cursor coordinates.

server-side include A feature provided by some Web servers that automatically inserts text onto pages when they are given to the browser.

SGML An ISO (International Standards Organization) markup language for representing documents on computers. HTML is based on SGML concepts.

size handle The black rectangle displayed on a selected form field or hotspot. When you select a size handle, the cursor becomes abi-directional arrow. Click and drag a size handle to reshape the field or hotspot.

special character A character not in the standard 7-bit ASCII character set, such as the copyright mark (©). In FrontPage, you add special characters in the FrontPage Editor using the Symbol command on the Insert menu.

standard toolbar The FrontPage Editor toolbar containing the most commonly used menu commands.

status bar The area at the bottom of the FrontPage Editor or FrontPage Explorer that displays information about the currently selected command or about an operation in progress.

strong text The HTML character style used for strong emphasis. Certain browsers display this style as bold.


table One or more rows of cells on a page used to organize the layout of a page or arrange data systematically. In FrontPage, you can place anything in a table cell, including text, images, forms, and WebBot components.

table cell See cell.

tag See HTML tag.

tag selection In the FrontPage Editor, a method of selecting a group of paragraphs and other objects on a page. Use tag selection to select the members of a list, an entire form, or a WebBot component. To tag select a set of objects, move the cursor to the left of the objects until the cursor becomes the tag selection cursor (an arrow pointing to the upper-right), and then double-click.

task An item on a FrontPage To Do List representing one action you need to perform to complete a FrontPage web. Some tasks are automatically generated by FrontPage Wizards. You can also add your own tasks to the To Do list.

TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) Internet networking software that controls the transmission of packets of data over the Internet. Among its tasks, TCP checks for lost packets, puts the data from multiple packets into the correct order, and requests that missing or damaged packets be resent. Computers must run TCP to communicate with World Wide Web servers.

template A set of designed formats for text and images on which pages and FrontPage webs can be based. After a page or FrontPage web is created using a template, you can modify the page or FrontPage web.

term The first of a pair of paragraphs formatted as a definition list entry. The second paragraph is the definition.

thumbnail A small version of an image on a World Wide Web page, often containing a hyperlink to a full-size version of the image.

TIFF (Tagged Image File Format) A tag-based image format. TIFF is designed to promote universal interchanges of digital images.

To Do List The FrontPage tool that maintains a list of the tasks required to complete a FrontPage web. To complete a task on the list, click on it; the program required to do the task starts up with the correct file opened.

type See protocol.

typewriter font The text style that emulates fixed pitch typewritten text. Every character in this font is the same width. Typewriter font is useful for computer code examples and for presenting sample input from the user.

UNIX An operating system typically used on proprietary workstations and computers. Some World Wide Web servers run on UNIX systems.

unordered list See bulleted list.

URL (Uniform Resource Locator) A string that supplies the Internet address of a resource on the World Wide Web, along with the protocol by which the resource is accessed. The most common URL type is "http," which gives the Internet address of a World Wide Web page. Some other URL types are "gopher," which gives the Internet address of a Gopher directory, and "ftp," which gives the address of an FTP resource.


VBScript A subset of the Microsoft Visual Basic programming system. Microsoft Internet Explorer version 3.0, along with other browsers, can read VBScript programs embedded in HTML pages. VBScript programs can be executed either on the browser machine or the World Wide Web server. In the FrontPage Editor you can insert and edit VBScripts.

veronica An automated Internet search service available through gopher. See also gopher.

video clip A short video sequence that can be embedded into a World Wide Web page. Video clips can be inserted into FrontPage using ActiveX Controls, VBScripts, Java applets, or plug-ins.

visited hyperlink A hyperlink on a page that has been activated. Visited hyperlinks are usually displayed in a unique color by the browser.

Visual SourceSafe A document source-control system developed by Microsoft. FrontPage integrates with Visual SourceSafe if you have it installed.


WAIS (Wide Area Information Service) Supports searching over the Internet.

WAN (Wide Area Network) A computer network that spans a long distance and that uses specialized computers to connect smaller networks.

watermark An image that appears on the backgrounds of pages in a Web site to decorate and identify the pages, but which does not scroll as the page scrolls.

Web browser A client program that retrieves World Wide Web pages and displays them to the user.

Web Wizard The FrontPage interactive tool that guides the author through the creation of a FrontPage web.

WebBot component A dynamic object on a page that is evaluated and executed when the author saves the page or, in some cases, when the user browses to the page. Most WebBot components generate HTML.

WebBot component cursor The robot-shaped cursor that appears when you move the FrontPage cursor over an area of the page containing a WebBot component.

WebBot Confirmation Field component A FrontPage WebBot component that is replaced with the contents of a form field. It is useful on a form confirmation page, where it can echo the user's name or any other data entered into a field.

WebBot Discussion component A FrontPage form handler that allows users to participate in an online discussion. The WebBot Discussion component collects information from a form, formats it into an HTML page, and adds the page to a table of contents and to a text index. In addition, the WebBot Discussion component gathers information from the form and stores it in one of a selection of formats.

WebBot form component A FrontPage WebBot component that supplies processing of a form.

WebBot HTML Markup component A FrontPage WebBot component that is replaced with any arbitrary text you supply when you create the WebBot component. This text is substituted for the WebBot component when the page is saved to the server as HTML. Use this WebBot component to add non-standard HTML commands to a page.

WebBot Include component A FrontPage WebBot component that is replaced with the contents of another page in the FrontPage web. This lets you update parts of many pages in one step.

WebBot Registration component A WebBot form component that allows users to automatically register themselves for access to a service implemented as a World Wide Web site. The WebBot Registration component adds the user to the service's authentication database, then optionally gathers information from the form and stores it in one of many available formats.

WebBot Save Results component A WebBot form component that gathers information from a form and stores it in one of a selection of formats. When a user submits the form, the WebBot Save Results component appends the form information to a file on the server in a specified format.

WebBot Scheduled Image component A FrontPage WebBot component that is replaced on the page by an image during a specified time period. When the time period has expired, the image is no longer displayed. This is useful for displaying graphical information that has a limited lifetime, such as the announcement of a new product.

WebBot Scheduled Include component A FrontPage WebBot component that is replaced with the contents of a file in the FrontPage web during a specified time period. When the time period has expired, the contents of the file are no longer displayed. This is useful for displaying textual information that has a limited lifetime.

WebBot Search component A FrontPage WebBot component that creates a form that provides full text-searching capability in your FrontPage web when the FrontPage web is browsed. When the user submits a form containing words to locate, the WebBot Search component returns a list of hyperlinks to the pages in your FrontPage web containing matches for the words.

WebBot Substitution component A FrontPage WebBot component that is replaced by the value of a selected page configuration or web configuration variable.

WebBot Table of Contents component A FrontPage WebBot component that creates an outline of your FrontPage web, with hyperlinks to each page. The WebBot Table of Contents component updates this outline each time the FrontPage web's contents change.

WebBot Timestamp component A FrontPage WebBot component that is replaced by the date and time the page was last edited or updated.

Wizard A FrontPage program that creates FrontPage webs and pages based on interaction with the author.

WMF (Windows MetaFile) A device-independent method of representing an image.

World Wide Web The graphical Internet hypertext service that uses the HTTP protocol to retrieve World Wide Web pages and other data from World Wide Web servers. Pages on the World Wide Web usually contain hyperlinks to other pages or to multimedia files.

WPG An image format used by WordPerfect.

WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get). An editing interface in which the file being created is displayed as it will appear to the end-user. The FrontPage Editor is a WYSIWYG editor.


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